Nobody has to tell us anymore. We see it with our own eyes, day in and day out. School dropout is an increasingly persistent phenomenon, more and more visible even for those who have no contact, directly or indirectly, with the education system.
Lacking perspective, lacking parental supervision, some of whom went abroad out of a desire to ensure a better future for their children, forced to do so due to material shortages, more and more students prefer to drop out of school. And the even more worrying side of the pheno is that the abandonment takes place at an increasingly younger age.
Legally speaking, ten classes are mandatory. How mandatory, this can show us a statistic on school dropout. More and more, more and more small. Or smaller. Cases of children who did not spend even a day at school, despite the ten compulsory classes, are frequently reported in the press. How did this situation come about and who should be responsible for the fact that illiteracy threatens the young population?
The factors that lead to school dropout are numerous and nuanced. In terms of early school leaving, the primary responsibility for family education lies with her. Parents often do not have much schooling either. Years ago, a parent who did not want to send his child to school drew my attention to the fact that his grandfather, with only four grades, “was spinning the village on his fingers”. Okay, nothing to say. It’s just that, at the time when that grandfather managed to turn the village on his toes, most of those who were among the spinners were totally illiterate. Chiorul is king in the land of the blind. It’s not necessarily about how open the eyes are but how receptive the mind is.
In adolescence, terrifying and sometimes inability to cope with school curricula are among the most productive dropouts.
The causes are numerous and worth more than a brief study. The most important thing is how to prevent this scourge that tends to take on unsuspected proportions some time ago.
Although there are several competent institutions, most often, this difficult task is passed on to the teacher or the leading teacher. Which, according to the instructions, must do everything possible to prevent and combat abandonment. “Possible” is too comprehensive a word to imply. Many specific work tools that, moreover, are not available to the teacher.
The teacher, most of the time, must go to the door of the family where there is a risk of abandonment or abandonment itself and, through his power of persuasion, determine the return of the child to school. I know how to proceed. I beat some cochleas for this activity and I wasn’t always successful. Why? Because, most of the time, abandonment is a decision that is not taken at the moment. Sometimes there is a lot of thought behind this decision that will mark a child’s future. And he can no longer be the head of a family prone to abandonment by the teacher who knocks on his door. I know enough cases of colleagues who escaped unbeaten just because they have some physical condition that allowed them to disappear from the area before the parent concerned finds the necessary retreat. As for swearing and accusations, you have to get used to them in the hope that it can get even worse.
And the teacher’s efforts are not always successful, as I said, precisely because of the lack of coercive means. There is, of course, a legislative framework that allows local authorities to fine the family that does not send their child to school, and most of the time, when it comes to money, the perspective changes. But the authorities are in no hurry to intervene for a very petty reason. The vote. Vote that is lost when the fine comes from the local authorities. Especially when it comes to small communities. From the mayor, more precisely, that they are the one who cuts and hangs and if the mayor decides that you have to be fined, then he does not deserve to be voted. This is the kind of mentality that parasitizes Romanian society.
Community assistance? Social services? After all, they are also subject to local authorities. And they know what they know. The mayor knows what he knows. That once every four years the election campaign comes and it is not good to get along with the citizen, especially if it is his decision to keep his child at home. The ruined future of a human baby for whom, now as in years to come, reading a trivial message on the phone will be a real Chinese thing, does not seem to matter. The teacher must deal with preventing and combating abandonment, the rest of the authorities cannot afford it. Because they have something to lose, the teacher has nothing to lose. Maybe just dignity, but that’s kind of lost a long time ago, given that the teacher has become something. Something without status and rights.
So, most of the time, the fight is uneven. The teacher has to make a portfolio of addresses which shows that he sent thousands and thousands of notices, that he talked to the parent to send his offspring to school and more and more. If nothing is solved, it is the teacher’s fault anyway, which, as obviously as possible, has not worked hard enough. Otherwise, no one cares. The teacher is not supported in his vain endeavor but, on the other hand, he is held accountable. Damn politics, folks!